The triglycerides they are a kind of lipids that are formed by a molecule of glycerin. Also known as triacylglycerols or triacylglycerides , triglycerides are part of the fat .
Triglyceride synthesis is performed in the endoplasmic reticulum of most of the cells of the organism. The process is more active, however, in the liver (especially in hepatocytes) and in adipose tissue. This synthesis is usually related to the action of secreting very low density lipoproteins.
The hoarding of triglycerides in the liver is pathological and is known as fatty liver or hepatic steatosis. Adipose tissue, on the other hand, accumulates Energy through triglycerides. When this hoarding becomes pathological, metabolic irregularities occur and the obesity .
Age is a value that, without a doubt, greatly influences the level of triglycerides that a person possesses. However, it is established that the normal level of this type of fat should be 150 mg / dL although it has also been clearly determined that any individual suffering from heart problems must have a level of 100 mg / dL.
The increase in the level of triglycerides found in the blood On the other hand, it is known as hypertriglyceridemia. This disorder increases the chances of suffering a cardiovascular problem. The condition, however, is not necessarily linked to the levels of cholesterol , since it can develop due to unhealthy eating behaviors or for genetic reasons.
More precisely, among the most frequent causes that can lead to someone having too high levels of this cited lipid class are the following: excessive calorie consumption, overweight, family inheritance, consumption of certain medications such as contraceptives or diuretics, and diseases such as diabetes or hypothyroidism.
Whoever finds, therefore, with the fact that he has a triglyceride level that exceeds the normal values mentioned above, it is important that he carry out a medical treatment, which will be established by the relevant healthcare professional, and also that he develops a series of changes in their life.
Specifically among the latter would be to undertake weight loss, control your diet to palpably reduce what is the intake of sugars and carbohydrates, also decrease what is the intake of products with saturated or total fat, and eliminate or reduce at least what alcohol consumption is.
In this way, by performing all these steps, you will be able to reduce triglyceride levels because otherwise you can suffer several serious diseases: atherosclerosis, ischemia, myocardial infarction ...
Triglycerides fulfill various functions in the body. It is the most important energy reserve in an animal (accumulating in fat form) or in a plant (such as oil), they generate metabolic heat and act as a thermal insulator (which is particularly important in animals such as polar bears).
In the case of Humans , triglycerides are transported through lipoproteins (which carry them from the intestine to the liver, and then distribute them to the other cells of the body), serum albumin and ketone bodies.