From Latin dominĭum, he domain is the faculty wave capacity which has a person to control others or to use their own. The concept can be associated with the power or to the authority .
For example: “The computer is part of my domains in this house”, "Ricardo has already lost control over his son", "The government seeks to regain control over the southern region of the country".
Domain also refers to a certain structure or organization of topics or knowledge; to the ambient physical or symbolic of a discipline; by knowing exhaustively about a art or one science ; and to the territorial unit that is under the control of a State : "The domain of poetry in the literary field of the country is undeniable", "After the war, the Ottoman Empire managed to extend its dominions", “My command of English is almost perfect after ten years of studies”.
In the field of right , the domain is related to property rights what is he power that an individual disposes of a good immediately and directly. Thanks to this property, the owner of the domain can dispose of his own as he wishes, having as limitation only what is stipulated by current legislation.
With respect to this meaning of the term at hand, it should be stressed that there are two types of domains clearly differentiated, based on what is the subject that has them. So, first of all, we would have to talk about the public domain. With it, what is expressed is that a property, both rights and specific assets, is destined to what is the use of the entire community.
Thus, for example, we can determine that a road or highway can be in the public domain just as it can happen with a City Hall or a hospital that is of this nature.
The second type of domain that we want to make clear is the so-called private one. In this case, it is defined as the right that a specific group has over a property or a particular good and not the entire community. In this way, we can determine that a company or a plot can be privately owned.
However, although these two are the most frequent forms of domain, we can not ignore that there are others such as private, physical or real estate.
It is known as internet domain , on the other hand, to the name of a computer related to a numerical IP address. This domain allows you to link several nodes to make your identification simpler: “I have to renew the domain of my company's website”.
In this sense, it should also be added that among the most important domains that exist worldwide are the following: .com that is used for different web pages; .es that is directly associated with Spain; .ar which is for Argentina; .org which is for organizations of various kinds; or .edu that is used for education-related issues.