Is called ages to the periods in which the history of humanity is usually divided. The term comes from Aetas, a Latin word. The stones On the other hand, they are compact mineral substances that have a certain hardness.
The notion of Stone age is used to refer to a stage of the prehistory (the period of history that precedes writing and is known only through ruins and archaeological objects). Specifically, the Stone age refers to the period in which the human being began to make tools made of stone , extending to the discovery and use of metals.
In the Stone age , in short, the man He used mainly stones for the manufacture of various elements that were useful. Anyway, he also used other materials, such as bones and woods .
He quartz , he flint and the quartzite were some of the most used rocks in the Stone age . These substances allowed the Homo sapiens Create weapons and percussion and cutting tools.
The Stone age covers periods known as Paleolithic and Neolithic . Its beginning is located about 2.85 million years ago while extending to the 4000 BC approximately, being the longest age.
In addition to all of the above, we cannot ignore another important series of aspects about the aforementioned Stone Age, among which we can highlight the following characteristics or hallmarks:
-It occurred after the known glaciations.
-In it began to develop what is agriculture.
-It is considered that at this stage the human being began to develop what is his ability to think.
-In this list of characteristics of the Stone Age we can not overlook either that, after a stage in which the human being led a nomadic life, that will begin to bet more on sedentary lifestyle. And that will bring not only the development of the aforementioned agriculture but also of hunting and fishing.
-No less relevant is knowing that, in addition to the stone, the human being also began to use another material such as wood. Thanks to this he was encouraged to gradually leave the caves to shape his home and huts, cabins and even palafitos were created.
-Nace what is the domestication of animals to be able to use them in agricultural tasks.
-In the middle of the so-called Stone Age arises what is known as rock art. Basically through this, developed especially inside the caves, they came to represent scenes of their daily life as the hunting activity. However, battles, animals ...
Beyond the use of stone, in these years there were great changes in the life of the human being , as the domain of fire, the evolution of clothing, the incipient development of livestock and diaspora since Africa to other regions.