He eudemonism It is a philosophical vision that justifies everything that allows us to obtain happiness . In this way, moral norms are oriented to the development of a state of harmony and fullness.
The Greek philosopher Aristotle He is considered one of the most important eudemonists. This thinker held that it was necessary have a good behavior to achieve the good life : people, in this context, had to acquire knowledge to implement the virtues and then adopt a habit of behavior in tune with those virtues.
Eudemonism also associated happiness with the combination of the animal component (the physical and the material), the rational component (the mind) and the social component (the practice of virtues). The end of existence, according to this theory , is to be happy.
Happiness in eudemonism, in short, is the foundation of ethics . In other theories, however, it is placed as a secondary element. It is important to keep in mind, however, that even in eudemonism there are different currents according to what is understood by happiness (the serenity , he pleasure , etc.).
At a general level, eudemonism states that human behavior is motivated in the pursuit of happiness . For him social eudemonism , that happiness is collective, while the individualistic eudemonism believe that happiness is personal .
Due to the essence of eudemonism, its ethics summons the full realization of happiness in earthly existence . Different is the case of Christian ethics, for example, which calls to act by duty and with the promise of eternal happiness after the death (and not in the mundane plane).