The notion of beekeeping refers to the activities, processes and techniques related to the breeding of insects known as bees . Beekeeping is carried out with the objective that bees develop and reproduce and then collect the products they produce, such as honey .
The origin of beekeeping is very remote: according to cave paintings, it can be estimated that it does about 8,000 years The man was already collecting the honey produced by the bees. It is believed that the first efforts to control these animals and appropriate their products were developed in the period Neolithic .
Swarms of bees live in hives : in them, with wax, develop honeycombs where they place the honey In hives it is possible to distinguish between drones , the worker bees and the queen bees , that tasks are distributed according to their condition. Beekeepers are responsible for controlling the population, driving away pests and taking care that insects do not contract diseases .
The most important product for beekeeping is the honey . It is a fluid made by bees through plant secretions, excretions of other insects and the nectar that flowers have, substances that they process with their saliva. The Humans They use honey as a sweetener.
The wax , the propolis , he pollen and the Royal jelly They are other products that are usually collected through beekeeping. You even usually get the apitoxin , which is the poison secreted by worker bees to defend against threats and to fight each other. This poison can be used to relieve certain symptom of joint disorders.
Although the term livestock is usually used in relation to animal species such as cows, sheep and goats, it also includes the group of bees that are raised through beekeeping. In this context, experts say it is one of the few activities in this area that allows them to recover the capital invested without having to leave the exercise itself, and in fact it is a good source of money for those who are dedicated to it full time.
This does not mean that it is easy or that its effect is instantaneous: becoming a beekeeper takes time and a lot of practice . While there are beekeeping courses in academia, many people prefer to learn this discipline of his parents, throughout much of his life, internalizing the various concepts gradually.
Although beekeeping is an activity with very promising economic results, it is not the most popular, probably because of the degree of dedication and concentration it requires to master it. On the other hand, it is believed that beekeepers are not usually open to share their experience with others, but tend to hide their techniques and knowledge of the competition, and even the location of their hives for fear of potential acts of vandalism.
One of the generalized advice for those who want to start in the world of beekeeping is arm yourself with patience and be willing to learn step by step . Regarding the number of hives ideal to begin with, it should not be too high, nor one, either: if there are many, it is very likely to lose control, while with one there is no possibility of solving problems with the resources of another.
From the point of view of animalists, beekeeping is another way of abuse animal, although it is not at the same level as the tortures that other species live so that millions of people bring a plate of meat, a fried egg and a cup of milk to their tables. Beekeepers, needless to say, disagree with this accusation, and even many of them advocate animal rights, in a world as contradictory as they are.