The word fable comes from the Latin term fable. As the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) , It's about a fiction story that lacks great extension, it can be developed in verse or prose and its main characteristic is didactic will . Typically, the fable teaches through a moral That closes the story in question.
For example: "Do you know the fable of the ant and the cicada?", "As a kid I was fascinated by fables", "Grandpa Tomás told me a fable about the importance of taking care of nature".
Fables can present human beings, animals and other kinds of beings as characters. As literary genre , it is a short story that ends with some teaching.
Historians claim that the fables arose when Greco-Roman slaves dedicated to the pedagogy They sought to convey ethical notions to the little ones. These instructions respected pagan morals and indicated that the natural virtues of things could not be changed. With the Christianity On the other hand, the fables began to include the possibility of change within human behavior.
Many are the authors who over the centuries have carried out the creation of fables with the aim of entertaining, teaching and showing their literary qualities. Among them, without a doubt, stands out the Frenchman Jean de La Fontaine who made during the 17th century a large collection of works framed in this type of genre.
However, we cannot ignore the role played by other writers of great relevance in this area as would be the case of Boisard, Jean Pons Guillaume Vennet or the Polish Ignacy Krasicki, who acquired great fame during the Enlightenment period.
To all of them, it would be necessary to add that of a Spanish writer whose name is clearly identified with the genre of the fable because he managed to create a wide collection of works of this genre that have managed to survive the passage of time and that have been passed from generation to generation. We are referring to Félix María Samaniego.
This author, born in Álava in 1715, was characterized because he used the verse to make his fables and because they were charged with great criticism of certain moral customs or norms, attitudes carried out by the politicians of that time or characters of society that were not precisely a paragon of virtues.
Among his best-known fables and which, as we said before, have come very actively until today are The Ant and the Grasshopper or The fox and the grapes.
The term fable is also used in some countries as a colloquial adjective that highlights something like very good or extraordinary . Something that "is fabulous", in this sense, it is wonderful, surprising, of great quality, etc .: "Last night's party was a fable", "Yesterday I saw a fable movie about three dragons that traveled the world in search of adventure", "What a fable match! There were three goals in five minutes".