The set of plans, ideas and actions that must be developed in a coordinated way to reach a goal is called draft . Scientific On the other hand, it is an adjective that mentions what is linked to the science (the grouping of methods, procedures and techniques to generate objective knowledge).
These two definitions bring us closer to the notion of scientific project , which is an organization of guidelines for the production of scientific knowledge. When a specialist in a certain science plans to develop a investigation , generates a scientific project.
It is important to know that when we talk about a scientific project we have to take into account that this can be of several types. Thus, experts in the field establish that this is divided into the following modalities:
-Technological development project.
What the scientific project does is establish the work patterns . In it, the scientist will state his hypothesis and detail what steps he will take to prove it. As you progress with your job , you must record your conclusions so that other specialists are able to collate and validate your conclusions.
Take the case of a researcher who, in the face of environmental pollution, intends to develop a new type of vehicle Do not use fossil fuels and, therefore, be friendly to the planet. This researcher, in this way, develops a scientific project to design a car that moves thanks to the solar energy .
Scientific projects are developed from the application of scientific method , which indicates the steps to follow to produce scientific knowledge. The expert must identify a problem (in our previous example, the pollution produced by traditional vehicles), propose a solution (the creation of a new vehicle that does not contaminate), check the validity of his proposal (if the vehicle he devised works, It does not contaminate, it is safe, etc.) and present its conclusions.
Within the educational field, the term scientific project becomes especially important. And, because participation is increasingly encouraged in classrooms and action in front of the memorial study, there are many teachers who bet that their students develop such works to learn, through practice, a subject or subject matter.
Thus, both in schools, institutes or universities, students who carry out their own scientific projects are put on the table. In this case, the teachers establish the necessary steps they must take to undertake these works or investigations:
1-Definition of a problem in question.
2-Preparation of the information that is known in relation to what is stated in point 1.
3-Creation of hypotheses.
4-Establishment of aspects that are unknown about the matter.
5-Search and collection of useful information, as well as exhaustive analysis of it.
6-Design of experimental work that gives the opportunity to confirm or refute the established hypotheses.
7-Realization of the mentioned work.
8-Analysis of all the results obtained as well as the observations that may have been had.
9-Preparation of the conclusions and drafting of the relevant report.