Pejorative is a word or expression that indicates a unfavorable idea . The term comes from the verb peyorar, which refers to put (know) or make (know) something worse , according to dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) .
However, it is also important to establish what is the etymological origin of the word that concerns us. Specifically it comes from the Latin word peiorare, which can be translated as "getting worse" and which, in turn, emanates from the adjective top, which is synonymous with "worse."
Pejorative language, in short, is the one that It has a negative purpose for what is designated . It is a resource that allows you to refer disparagingly To someone or something. For example: "You couldn't expect anything else from a Jew". This phrase, with a strong discriminatory and anti-Semitic content, mentions the condition of Jew as pejorative. This word does not contain any negative factor in itself, but acquires a pejorative nuance in the context (in this case, it seems that only bad things can be expected of the Jewish people).
Another example of language Pejorative would be the following: “I am not interested in hearing it. What solution can an old man offer me? ”. This phrase includes the term "old" instead of "old man", in what supposes a way of disqualifying or disrespecting the person in question. On the other hand, the expression implies that an elder has nothing useful to say or contribute in a given situation.
Many are the terms and expressions that throughout history have been used with a marked pejorative sense and still maintain the same in many cases. This would be the case, for example, of the word "red" that during the Spanish Civil War the national side used to refer to its opposite. At present, many are the activists and political leaders of the right who continue to use it to refer in a derogatory way to those who are, ideologically speaking, at the opposite end of them.
It should be noted that some pejorative terms eventually lost their negative status. The Italian Giorgio Vasari (1511 -1574 ) rated the art of the Middle Ages as "Gothic" when considered proper of the Goths or barbarians. The term barbarian, even, has pejorative origin (the Greeks considered that the barbarians were those who did not speak their language and could only stammer it with sounds similar to bar-bar). Over time, the Gothic It was considered an artistic style without pejorative conditions.
In addition to all of the above, it should be noted that in the same pejorative line, in the sense that something is negative or bad, the derogatory term is also found. And it is another language tool that we use regularly to form a word derived from another and give it a negative sense and even contempt.
Specifically, what is done is to take any word and place a suffix to give it that derogatory, negative tone, which we have mentioned. An example of this can be the following words: babysitter, tipejo, populacho or mujerzuela. These are words that start from a specific term and that by adding a suffix become a concept of contempt.